Water velocity affects head shape in Trichomycterus areolatus

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Water velocity affects head shape in Trichomycterus areolatus

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Searle PC, Mercer M, Habit E, Belk MC (2021) Ontogenetic shape trajectory of Trichomycterus areolatus varies in response to water velocity environment. PLOS ONE, 16(6): e0252780.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0252780
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/artic ... ne.0252780
Abstract
Body and head shape among fishes both vary between environments influenced by water velocity and across ontogeny. Although the shape changes associated with variation in average water velocity and ontogeny are well documented, few studies have tested for the interaction between these two variables (i.e., does ontogenetic shape variation differ between velocity environments). We use geometric morphometrics to characterize shape differences in Trichomycterus areolatus, a freshwater catfish found in high and low-velocity environments in Chile. We identify a significant interaction between velocity environment and body size (i.e., ontogeny). Ontogenetic patterns of shape change are consistent with other studies, but velocity environment differentially affects the ontogenetic trajectory of shape development in T. areolatus. Shape change over ontogeny appears more constrained in high-velocity environments compared to low-velocity environments.
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