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  • Ameiurus brunneus
Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific Name Ameiurus brunneus  Jordan, 1877
Common Names Snail Bullhead
Sortfinnet Dværgmalle (Denmark)
Type Locality South Fork of Ocmulgee River, at Flat Shoals, DeKalb County, Georgia, U.S.A.
Synonym(s) Amiurus brunneus, Ictalurus brunneus
Pronunciation Ai MEE you russ - brew nay us
Etymology Ameiurus: ''curtailed'' refers to the lack of a deep notch in the caudal fin. Juveniles and sub-adults are brown in colour, hence the specific name.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 320mm or 12.6" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
Identification Flat Head with a concave snout profile. Short anal fin, rounded in outline, 17 - 20 rays. Large dark blotch at dorsal fin base. Yellow green to olive above, dusky yellow on sides, and whitish blue to white below.
Sexing Females are much fuller bodied during breeding season. This occurs during early spring.
General Remarks Inhabits rocky riffles, runs and flowing pools of swift streams. Rarely found in backwaters.

Jump to next section Habitat Information
Distribution North America: Atlantic Slope from Dan River system in southern Virginia south to Altamaha River drainage in Georgia, and middle St. Johns River drainage in Florida, USA; Gulf Slope in Apalachicola River drainage in Georgia, Alabama and Florida, USA. Recently reported from upper Coosa River system in Georgia, USA.
North American Atlantic Drainages, Roanoke, Upper Roanoke, Dan (click on these areas to find other species found there)
North American Atlantic Drainages, Altamaha (click on these areas to find other species found there)
North American Atlantic Drainages, Florida waters, St Johns (Florida) (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Gulf Coast Drainages, Apalachicola (click on these areas to find other species found there)

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IUCN Red List Status Least Concern
pH 6.6 - 7.8
Temperature 18.0-26.0°C or 64.4-78.8°F (Show species within this range)
Other Parameters Needs highly oxygenated water.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
Feeding Omnivorous. Diet includes fish, aquatic invertebrates and some green matter.
Furniture A sand substrate with stones and large piece of driftwood to hide under during the day is very desirable.
Compatibility Social with most anything they can not swallow, to be on the safe side do not house with anything less than half it's own size.
Breeding Not reported in the aquarium.
Breeding Reports There is no breeding report.
Jump to next section Further Information
Reference Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York v. 11 (nos 11-12) (art. 29), pp 366.
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Last Update 2019 Sep 26 11:21 (species record created: 2003 Jun 24 00:00)