Cat-eLog Right Arrow Auchenipteridae Right Arrow Centromochlinae Right Arrow Centromochlus

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameCentromochlus perugiae  Steindachner, 1882
Common NameOil Catfish
Type LocalityCanelos, E. Ecuador.
Synonym(s)Tatia perugiae
Pronunciationcent row MOCK luss - perr OO jee ae
EtymologyCentromochlus: From the Greek kenteo, meaning sting and mochlos, meaning lever or crowbar; in reference to the long spines. Specifically named for Albert Perugia, an Ichthyologist from Triest.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 60mm or 2.4" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
SexingMales have a modified anal fin similar to the gonopodium found in livebearing toothcarps. Females have a normal anal fin.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionSouth America: Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Amazon, Upper Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Show it on a map (Click the map-icon to show/hide map of species distribution)
Temperature26.0-28.0°C or 78.8-82.4°F (Show species within this range)
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingThis fish is a surface-feeder. Suitable foods include frozen and freeze dried food and floating pellets.
FurnitureThis Centromochlus is a riverine species and is collected in relatively shallow water low in vegetation and high in rocks. This is reflecting in its unusual breeding habits (i.e. its unusual for a woodcat to lay eggs in a cave).
BreedingThe fish appears to use internal fertilization, and the female lays the fertilized eggs in a cave. For further details see this article in Shane's World.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesAnz. Akad. Wiss. Wienv. 19 (no. 19) - pp178
Registered Keepers(1) daniel60 (k: 8), (2) Barbie (k: 5), (3) Floody, (4) Oliver D. (k: 5), (5) Silurus, (6) Whiskerbreed, (7) Tuti, (8) lazymf (p: 2), (9) racoll (k: 6), who also notes: "These fish love frozen Daphnia.", (10) Freakdaddy (k: 2), (11) Högö (k: 3), (12) invaderwithkey (k: 3), (13) irshprncsk (p: 2, k: 9), (14) joepleco, who also notes: "I call these the hummingbirds of the fish world, if you are lucky enough to get to own one, please do! They are sensitive to drops in temp. and like clean water and hiding places in wood. Beware of ICH it can kill them fast! Very smooth scaleless bod", (15) Gump, (16) fish fodder (k: 3), who also notes: "i currently have a female in a tight fitting cave tending to approx 20 2-3mm eggs. quite large eggs for such a small fish (2") she doesnt come out much for food either, compared to the other female and male. so a certain degree of care is being obser", (17) panaque, who also notes: "13/07/2008: First spawn that I am aware of. Rescued 24 eggs that fell out of the breeding tube (now in breeding net); unknown number remain in tube with female. 16/07/2008: Eggs have hatched: tiny wrigglers with enormous yolk sacks. Only 6 left in", (18) geoffkemp (k: 6), (19) Martin S (p: 3, k: 4), who also notes: "Lost one female 10/11/2008 when heater stuck on and tank temperature reached 33 degrees C.", "Lost one male 02/04/2009.", "One found dead for unknown reasons 07 August 2012. Another 30 May 2017. Only one found remaining 24 June 2017.", (20) Suckermouth (k: 3), (21) Yann (k: 5), (22) T4FR (k: 5), who also notes: "In the group I bought there is sadly only one male.I hope to breed them in the future, but first they have to grow a little. I have two yellow females don't know why some look more yellow and others look more white.", (23) jollysue (k: 10), (24) worton[pl] (k: 9), (25) corycat, (26) myfish (k: 5), (27) bcb (k: 2), (28) andyh, (29) arzerkle, (30) nvcichlids (k: 8), (31) bluescotty23 (p: 2), (32) kim m (k: 8), who also notes: "Some wild fish I caught myself in Peru and some shop bought ones...", (33) Join (k: 7), (34) Gerard Pennards, who also notes: "Had 3 specimens, two died, cause probably age", (35) ligon (k: 6), (36) Jools, (37) Industrial, (38) J Bluto, (39) oanes (k: 8), who also notes: "These guys are hilarious. They swarm about the top of the tank at dusk, probably insect feeders in the wild. They bounce off my arm when I lower snacks down for the bottom dwellers in the tank. They cling to wood during the day but arent completely shy of light, so you can usually see them peeking out while they are sleeping.", (40) Bisclavret (p: 2), (41) Nabobmob1, (42) tijani (k: 2), (43) kruseman (k: 2), (44) MatsP (p: 2, k: 8), who also notes: "From Indonesia via Maidenhead Aquatics Bracknell.", "From Ralf Britz.", (45) Sktchy (k: 2), (46) keen-eyed (k: 13), (47) Hmoobthor (k: 2), who also notes: "Keeping them with betta, oto catfish and amano shrimp in a 10g. The yellow tank color fade away within 24 hour and white skin starting to appear.", (48) NielsV (k: 6), (49) CharlyBrown, (50) fleshwound (k: 2), (51) metalface2, (52) Manon des sources, (53) steveh28 (k: 5), (54) fishboy20, (55) AzFishKid (p: 2), (56) Lilredbeaver, (57) Shane, (58) Herbsti, (59) miguel mitchel (k: 4), (60) Regina (k: 8), (61) cifinest33rd, (62) Gordon C. Snelling, (63) fishdoc313 (k: 6), (64) gem400, (65) Sylvain (k: 2), (66) Luis.Ventura, (67) Oceanica (k: 2), who also notes: "Sensitive to malachite green and formalin meds", (68) Atmichaels (k: 8), (69) parrot1974, (70) kwalker, (71) Zulan, (72) jac (k: 18), (73) VickyEll7, (74) bekateen (k: 6), (75) DHarris, (76) catfishchaos (k: 6), who also notes: "WC group of 6, these fish are extremely nervous and I suggest acclimatizing them in the dark and with a piece of wood for them to cluster into. My group broke out with ich after a thorough inspection which revealed none. It would appear they are very prone to it when stressed, none of the other fish from the same order have ich", (77) john h (k: 5), (78) Reborn (k: 8), (79) Gallywags (k: 2), who also notes: "They never really move, day or night. Unless there is bloodworms floating around.", (80) Narwhal72, (81) CoryCatfish1212 (k: 2), (82) joclru (k: 2), who also notes: "While early on they began swimming around near the top of the water looking for food, they now know that my feedings normally end with food at the bottom so I rarely see them go to the top of the tank. They come out day or night if bloodworms or mysis shrimp are added to the tank. They will eat some prepared foods too, but are more likely to not notice them. I've never seen them move since my first feeding other than when food is added or another fish bumps into them.", (83) synolover, (84) CatWhat, (85) Ravn (k: 20), (86) BrynnaCC (k: 12), who also notes: "Originally kept in 50 gallon planted tank - moved to 40 gallon Walstad tank, where they began breeding. Initial attempts to keep fry were unsuccessful but I have had better survival rates in recent months using a technique called "leaving them alone." Females also seem to care for eggs that are not their own.", (87) corydoras, (88) ajw9356 (k: 2), (89) Jbottomfeeder, (90) Maxpedley, (91) cory-ap2, (92) gulogulo (k: 2), who also notes: "Lots of caves, some driftwood, powerhead", (93) Gulper, (94) CatfishAddict01, (95) Goodeid608, (96) unicornfish (k: 2), (97) Jakesilvester1996, (98) angerygrover, who also notes: "Kept in community tank", (99) Damian.

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Breeding Reports(1) bekateen (b: 57), (2) BrynnaCC (b: 48), (3) Zulan (b: 47), (4) Suckermouth (b: 40), (5) fishboy20 (b: 21), (6) panaque (b: 8), (7) john h (b: 8).
Article - Shane's World Reproduction Care and breeding of the oil catfish Centromochlus perugiae
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Last Update2013 Mar 22 22:04 (species record created: 2001 Apr 13 00:00)