|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Synodontis ocellifer Boulenger, 1900|
|Common Name||Ocellated Synodontis|
|Type Locality||Kunchow Cr., Gambia R., w. Africa.|
|Pronunciation||sin oh don tiss - awe CELL if err|
|Etymology||Synodontis: From the Greek syn, meaning together, and odontos, meaning tooth; in reference to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth. ''ocellifer'', having little eyes, from ''ocellus'', diminutive of ''oculus'', eye and "ifer" meaning "to carry". In reference to the black spots (possibly with white centers) found on the flanks of this species.|
- CotM 2012 August
|Size||200mm or 7.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||All species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.
Pale yellowish-brown body with black spots. Some specimens have lighter background coloration or minimal spotting. The characteristic to look for when comparing with other similar spotted species is the adipose fin. In S. ocellifer is is very long running almost from caudal to dorsal fin.
|Sexing||First lay the fish in your hand with its head toward your palm and the tail toward your fingers. Hold the dorsal spine between your middle and ring finger so the fish is belly up and you won't get stuck (Which by the way, hurts like crazy!). The genital pore is in a small furrow of tissue (in healthy fish) and will be obstructed by the pelvic fins. Pull down on the tail gently to arch the fishes spine and the pelvic fins will stand and the furrow open to display the genital pore and the anus of the fish. The male has a somewhat ridged genital papillae on which the spermatoduct is on the back side, facing the tail fin. A gravid female will also show an extended papillae but the oviduct is on the ventral side of the papillae (And may also show a little redness if really gravid). A thin or emaciated female will have just two pink pores, the oviduct and the anus.|
|Distribution||West Africa, various river basins from Senegal to Chad (Senegal, Gambia, Volta, Chad, Niger basins)
African Waters, Sénégal (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Chad (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Volta (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Gambia (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Nigeria Waters, Niger (click on these areas to find other species found there)
African Waters, Nigeria Waters, Agulu (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Status||Least Concern|
|pH||6.2 - 8.0|
|Temperature||23.0-28.0°C or 73.4-82.4°F (Show species within this range)|
|Feeding||Omnivore. As with other Synodontis, but with a little more meat.|
|Furniture||Rocks, driftwood, plants.|
|Compatibility||Juvenile fish are suited to a community tank, but adult fish grow fairly large, and may eat smaller fish.|
|Breeding||By hormone injection in Eastern Europe.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|References||Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.1900 (pt 3) - pp514|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 70 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 5 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Synodontis ocellifer|
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|Last Update||2008 Jan 21 12:10 (species record created: 2001 May 04 00:00)|