|Cat-eLog Data Sheet|
|Scientific Name||Acanthodoras cataphractus (Linnaeus, 1758)|
|Common Names||Chocolate Talking Catfish
Chocolate Raphael, Gemeiner Dornwels (Germany), Milky Catfish
|Type Locality||America (in error).|
|Synonym(s)||Callichthys asper, Cataphractus americanus, Doras blochii, Silurus cataphractus|
|Pronunciation||ah KAN tho door ass - cat ah frak tuss|
|Etymology||Acanthodoras: From the Greek akantha, meaning thorn, and doras, meaning skin (also a word commonly used in forming generic names for doradids); in reference to the spines on the bony scutes along the lateral line. The species name, cataphracta/us, means armoured or mail-clad.|
- CotM 2007 May
|Size||115mm or 4.5" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.|
|Identification||The only genus of doradid with a fully rounded caudal fin.
This fish is almost never a direct import can be be found by the aquarist with a discerning eye as bycatch among shipments of the more common Platydoras armatulus (often labelled P. costatus). In P. armatulus, the white markings along the flank connect above the eyes forming a 'V.' The markings of A. cataphractus do not connect on the head. In P. armatulus, the white flank stripe continues down the body and onto the caudal fin. The caudal fin of A. cataphractus lacks the white stripe and is mottled.
|Sexing||Females typically larger with a more full, or 'plump', appearance.|
|General Remarks||The above specimen on the right was captured using a ten foot seine net on the banks of a small Amazon tributary on the Peruvian side of the Amazon across from Leticia Colombia.|
|Distribution||In tributaries of the main rivers in Amazon River basin, coastal drainages of French Guiana and Suriname: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru and Suriname.
Amazon (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Guyana Waters (click on these areas to find other species found there)
Guyana Waters, Coastal Rivers of Guyanas, Suriname Coastal Rivers (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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|IUCN Red List Category||Not Evaluated|
|pH||6.4 - 7.4|
|Temperature||22.0-26.0°C or 71.6-78.8°F (Show species within this range)|
|Other Parameters||There are reports of this species from river mouth areas, but it is unlikely these are exported, those that do find their way into aquaria prefers softer water.|
|Feeding||An opportunistic feeder that eats live, frozen and dry aquarium foods. It usually only comes out to feed after lights out.|
|Furniture||A very shy retiring fish that, once released in the aquarium, is rarely seen again. Provide plenty of caves and other hiding places. In the wild, they typically hide among thickets of submerged plants.|
|Compatibility||A good choice for the medium to large community tank. The above specimen was caught alongside the doradids Platydoras armatulus, Agamyxis pectinifrons, and Amblydoras hancockii in submerged terrestrial vegetation. Also collected at the site were Brochis splendens and several Corydoras spp.|
|Suggested Tankmates||Anything but the smallest species. Good with other doradids. A peaceful community resident.|
|Breeding||Acanthodoras cataphractus are documented as having been spawned in aquaria. Both parents were observed digging a depression in the substrate into which the eggs were deposited. The eggs were guarded by both fish. The eggs hatched after 4-5 days although unfortunately the young did not survive beyond the fry stage of development.|
|Breeding Reports||There is no breeding report.|
|Reference||Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1, pp 307.|
|Registered Keepers||Keeping this species? Why not .
There are 29 registered keepers, view all "my cats" data.
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|Spotters||Spotted this species somewhere? Click the binoculars!
There are 9 records of this fish being seen, view them all.
|More on Acanthodoras cataphractus|
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|Last Update||2019 Sep 22 06:12 (species record created: 2001 Jun 03 00:00)|