Cat-eLog Right Arrow Mochokidae Right Arrow Mochokinae Right Arrow Synodontis

Jump to next section Cat-eLog Data Sheet
Scientific NameSynodontis brichardi  Poll, 1959
Common NamesBrichard's Syno
Brichards Fiederbartwels (Germany)
Type LocalityRapids at Kinsuka, Kinshasa, Zaire.
Pronunciationsin oh don tiss - brish hard eye
EtymologySynodontis: From the Greek syn, meaning together, and odontos, meaning tooth; in reference to the closely-spaced lower jaw teeth. Named after Pierre Brichard, a famous Belgian ichthyologist and student of African fish.
Jump to next section Species Information
Size 200mm or 7.9" SL. Find near, nearer or same sized spp.
IdentificationAll species in the genus Synodontis have a hardened head cap that has attached a process (humeral process) which is situated behind the gill opening and pointed towards the posterior. The dorsal fin and pectoral fins have a hardened first ray which is serrated. Caudal fin is always forked. There is one pair of maxillary barbels, sometimes having membranes and occasionally branched. The two pairs of mandibular barbels are often branched and can have nodes attached. The cone-shaped teeth in the upper jaw are short. S-shaped and movable in the lower jaw. These fish produce audible sounds when disturbed rubbing the base of the pectoral spine against the pectoral girdle.

Slender, tubular body and sucker-like mouth, both adaptations to the turbulent water flow of its native habitat. Brownish to dark bluish background coloration with roughly vertical creamy stripes. Colouration appears to fade with age. Short barbels.
SexingFirst lay the fish in your hand with its head toward your palm and the tail toward your fingers. Hold the dorsal spine between your middle and ring finger so the fish is belly up and you won't get stuck (Which by the way, hurts like crazy!). The genital pore is in a small furrow of tissue (in healthy fish) and will be obstructed by the pelvic fins. Pull down on the tail gently to arch the fishes spine and the pelvic fins will stand and the furrow open to display the genital pore and the anus of the fish. The male has a somewhat ridged genital papillae on which the spermatoduct is on the back side, facing the tail fin. A gravid female will also show an extended papillae but the oviduct is on the ventral side of the papillae (And may also show a little redness if really gravid). A thin or emaciated female will have just two pink pores, the oviduct and the anus.
Jump to next section Habitat Information
DistributionLower Congo rapids, an area of heavy and turbulent water flow.
African Waters, Congo, Lower Congo (click on these areas to find other species found there)
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IUCN Red List StatusVulnerable
pH6.0 - 8.0
Temperature22.0-27.0°C or 71.6-80.6°F (Show species within this range)
Other ParametersNeeds good oxygenation. The use of a power head or canister filter with spray bar is recommended. Otherwise, not very particular as to water quality.
Jump to next section Husbandry Information
FeedingOmnivore. In nature, feeds on filamentous green algae as well as insect larvae. In the aquarium, readily accepts flakes as well as live food. Condition with spirulina flakes and brine shrimp.
FurniturePlenty of driftwood and rocky areas exposed to strong water flow. A tight crevice formed with pieces of slate makes a good home.
CompatibilityA peaceful fish that is nevertheless capable of self-defence.
BreedingNot reported in the aquarium.
Jump to next section Further Information
ReferencesAnn. Mus. R. Congo Belge (Ser. 8), Sci. Zool.v. 71 - pp100 - Pl. 17 (figs. 2A-2C)
Registered Keepers(1) synoguy, (2) Yann (k: 3), (3) Lornek8, (4) Oliver D. (k: 4), (5) Tulio, (6) synodont_fan, who also notes: "Nice coloration and unusual elongated body shape for a Synodontid. These don't do that well in my tank - either they don't like the high nitrates or perhaps it's not riverine enough for them. Or perhaps too much competition from the", (7) Redcatman, (8) ranmasan, who also notes: "Seems to oddly enjoy "suctioning" itself to the aquarium glass.", (9) unblinded, (10) Junttis (k: 6), (11) jippo (k: 7), (12) syno-kev, who also notes: "had this one for about 3 years and at 6 inches long makes a daily trip out to feed but only see it about once a day like to hide amoungst the slates", (13) synosteve, (14) pressureflip, (15) Liam50LB, (16) fleahound, (17) kvnbyl (k: 5), (18) Moomoo, (19) shadowcat, (20) oliv67 (k: 2), (21) jprp, (22) fuzzytigerbird, (23) N0body Of The Goat (k: 3), who also notes: "Trio growing well in 6-footer, taken to claiming some floating food that is against the tank sides", (24) Birger (k: 5), (25) FunkyFredFrog (k: 2), (26) MatsP, (27) Clown Crown (k: 2), (28) TheCichlidKid15, (29) toby (k: 3), (30) rsyno (p: 2), (31) transporter42, (32) theguy40267, (33) Cornuta, (34) BMLDN, (35) Bioaquatix, who also notes: "I bought a small group of 6 WC fish from an importer in Miami. I lost most of the fish over the past couple of years, causes unknown. I have one female left and would like to find a male to use for spawning.", (36) chalamala, (37) NeilB, (38) slayer5590, (39) Ambull, (40) Long Barbels, (41) pleconut (k: 2), (42) WadeNCreeks, (43) Schall (p: 2), (44) protopterus, (45) faxling, who also notes: "Tigern".

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Breeding ReportsNone.
Article - CotM 2005 June
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Last Update2014 Jun 09 09:33 (species record created: 2001 Apr 21 00:00)